Breast Cancer in Men
Though a small amount, men also have breast tissue, and in rare cases men may get breast cancer too. The most common symptom is a lump in the breast, accompanied by other symptoms which are also seen in female patients, such as discharge from the nipple, bleeding, shrinking, deformities, and swelling under the armpit.
Growth of breast tissue, known as gynecomastia, should not be confused with breast cancer. Gynecomastia can develop as the result of some medication, a person’s genetic profile, and weight gain, but a patient with gynecomastia should always seek medical help to make sure it is not cancer.
Because there is a small amount of breast tissue, it is easy to make a diagnosis, but it can also spread faster. Usually, the disease progresses faster in men than in women. After the age of 40, men should check their breasts themselves once a month, and if in doubt, consult a doctor immediately. Regular medical supervision is especially required if the males in the family have a history of breast cancer.
Treatment options include surgical chemotherapy, hormone therapy, radiotherapy and targeted agents, depending on the stage of the tumor, its biological characteristics and the patient’s condition. However, the first line of treatment is usually surgery. Depending on the morphological and biological characteristics of the tumor as indicated in the postoperative pathology report, chemotherapy, hormone therapy or targeted drugs can be administered individually or in combination. Radiotherapy can also be administered after surgery and chemotherapy, depending on the characteristics of the tumor and whether it has spread to the axillary lymph nodes